It should come as no surprise that blockchain is predestined as a transactional system for public sector applications with its administrative records, books, evidence, and files, as well as associated requirements for data integrity, legitimacy, and security. Those involved in the public sector are also aware of this potential of blockchain technology. A survey conducted by the BDO Blockchain Initiative among executives of public administration, municipal administration and health and social services in 2020 shows that “64% of respondents are open to innovative solutions [zeigen], and 57% believe that the public sector will unlock the potential of blockchain technology. “This is also confirmed by the various current applications and projects based on blockchain in this area, such as:
- the commercial register in Malta,
- a land register in Sweden,
- a cadastre in the United Arab Emirates,
- an identification system in Argentina and Ethiopia,
- an electronic identity, from tax returns to electronic patient files in Estonia and
- first certificates (Abitur) in some German federal states.
Regardless of the various applications that have already been implemented, “80% of those surveyed … the lack of blockchain regulation [als] the biggest obstacle to the implementation of the blockchain ”. In addition, there is often a lack of adequate knowledge about the blockchain, as well as concrete and sustainable practical examples. Also, the blockchain is still struggling with a certain ‘dirty’ image, which is often characterized by media reports about individual cryptocurrencies and these are simply equated with blockchain as a technology, so there are often still insufficient acceptance. However, a lot has happened here in the recent past, so it’s worth taking a closer look.
Where is the federal government’s blockchain strategy located?
With the blockchain strategy adopted in the fall of 2019 and developed with the participation of various experts, the federal government presented an initial framework for action and development. In the strategy document, a total of 44 measures were named in 5 fields of action. In what is more interesting from the point of view of the public sector, the “digital[n] Administrative services ”, with 10 measures, as can be seen from a small request to the federal government, all the measures have already been started. However, it is unclear what this means for the specific deployment state. It will be exciting to see if the blockchain strategy succeeds in achieving the goals associated with it or if, as critics have long and recently been complaining by FDP Member of the Bundestag Frank Schäffler, “he just announced with much fanfare. [wurde], but at the end of the legislative period … there was only hot air left …[bleibt]. “
What plans are there in the coalition agreement?
In the current coalition agreement, the blockchain can be found in three places or, with the inclusion of applications from the field of cryptocurrencies, in a total of eight places. Consequently, inter alia planned, “commissioned a feasibility study [zu geben]to investigate whether a property registration on the blockchain is possible and advantageous “(P. 92 of the coalition agreement).
What general news are there?
In general, there is a slow but constant interest in continuing to accumulate knowledge and transfer it to specific applications. This year, for example, the Lower Saxony Ministry of Economy, Labor, Transport and Digitization organized a blockchain ideas competition. Since “blockchain technology … is slowly taking off in the free economy[kommt und] … the necessary technical know-how is lacking in many companies and the potential of the technology is not yet sufficiently understood, [wurde in] … competition … based on practical examples [gesucht]that make tangible the possibilities of the technology so that it can spread further in the Lower Saxony economy, ”said Lower Saxony’s Minister for the Economy and Digitization, Dr. Bernd Althusmann (CDU).
This trend towards concrete applications is also reflected in this year’s Gartner Hype Cycle on Blockchain, which is why Blockchain, after the previous years was characterized more by a mixture of excessive expectations and, of course, the associated disappointment, is now found. in the clarification phase and is on the cusp of the productivity plateau. Therefore, in the medium term, the exciting phase of “real” and sustainable applications should begin on the blockchain, both in the public and private sectors.